old Bachelor of Architecture

The architecture program at IVS remains committed to familiarizing students with ways by which they can approach architecture holistically, conscientiously, and within specific contextual conditions (physical, social, economic, cultural, and climatic) that characterize a neighbourhood, city, country or region. Besides developing an aptitude for building functionality, materials and methods of construction, structural systems, and energy-conscious design thinking, the program encourages and facilitates a research-driven, user-centric and context-sensitive approach to design of buildings and their surroundings.

The curriculum is designed and periodically updated to meet these goals. Major components are Architecture Design, Architectural Analysis and Visual Communication, History and Theory of Architecture, Architecture and the Environment, Urban and Landscape Theories, Urban Open Space Design, Building Technology: Materials, Construction, Structures, and MEP Systems and Services, Digital Tools for Architects, and Professional Development.

The Department recognizes the need for integrating coursework offered by the Liberal Arts Program to support the IVS mission. Acquisition of knowledge is carefully balanced with the development of skills. Finally, the curriculum aligns carefully with the recommendations and guidelines of the Higher Education Commission (HEC) of Pakistan, as well as the Pakistan Council of Architects and Town Planners (PCATP).

Third Semester
Course Code Course Title Credit Hours
 LA308  Islamic and Pakistan Studies  3
 AR301  Architecture Design l  6
 AR327 Architectural Analysis and Visual Communication l

Module l:Architectural Analysis l

 3
 AR334  Building Materials, Construction and Structures l  3
Total Credits 18
Fourth Semester
Course Code Course Title Credit Hours
LA457

LA467

 Electives: Contemporary Art, Design and Architecture

Islamic Art and Architecture

3
LA463

AR401

Tracing Contemporary Art

Architecture Design ll

6
AR409 History of Architecture ll

Module l: Architectural Analysis ll

Module ll: Visual Communication ll

3
AR434 Building Materials, Construction and Structures ll 3
Total Credits 18
Fifth Semester
Course Code Course Title Credit Hours
LA548

LA549

History of Art: Culture on Display

Arts Politics

OR Inter-Departmental Elective

3
AR501 Architecture Design lll 6
AR509 History of Architecture lll 3
AR537

AR538

Advanced Building Materials, Construction  and Structures l 3

Architecture and the Environment

Module l: Sustainable Design

Module ll: Architecture, Place and Identity

3
Total Credits  18
Sixth Semester
Course Code Course Title Credit Hours
AR601 Architecture Design lV 6
AR636 Architecture Theories: Since 1900 3
AR637 Advanced Building Materials, Construction and Structures ll 3
AR635  Digital Tools for Architects l 3
Total Credits 15
Seventh Semester
Course Code Course Title Credit Hours
LA725

LA765

Electives: Sustainable Living

Art in the Time of the Raj

3
LA766

AR701

Politics and Power in Literature Critical Notions of Space and Place

Architecture Design V

6
AR739 Urban and Landscape Theories

Module l: Urban Theories

Module ll: Landscape Theories

3
AR735 Digital Tools for Architects ll 3
AR740 MEP Systems and Services 3
Total Credits  18
Eighth Semester
Course Code Course Title Credit Hours
LA812  Research Methodologies

(Pre-Req for Final Research Paper)

3
LA860

LA861

Electives: Avant-Garde: Between Art, Photography and Film

History of World Cinema

3
LA826

LA862

AR801

Philosophical Inquiry

Empires of Vision: Politics and Aesthetics in South Asia

Architecture Design Vl

6
AR824 Urban Open Space Design 3
Total Credits 15
Ninth Semester
Course Code Course Title Credit Hours
LA968 Final Research Paper 3
AR943  Thesis Design I 9
AR941

 Professional Practice and Project Management

Module l: Professional Practice

Module ll: Project Management

3
Total Credits 15
Tenth Semester
Course Code Course Title Credit Hours
AR1043 Thesis Design II 12
AR1029  Internship 3
Total Credits 15

Total Credits Semesters 1-2: 35
Total Credits Semesters 3-8: 132
Total Credits required for a Bachelor of Architecture Degree: 167

Disclaimer: Curricula are continuously under review and Indus Valley School reserves the right to alter, substitute, eliminate from or add to the list of courses and details at any time without any notice.

Architecture Design (I to Vl)

These studio-based courses form the core of the program. Over the course of seven semesters, students are introduced to a variety of projects growing in scale and complexity. Third semester studio lays down the foundations for architecture design and thinking. Through various small scale and experimental design projects, students are introduced to fundamental architectural elements, relationships and ordering principles involved in the making of form and space.

Scale and complexity of studio projects expand in the fourth semester, in which students learn to organize two or more forms in ways to evolve coherent architectural compositions. Students learn to construct appropriate design concepts and strategies through analysis of simplified building programs, site and users.

Scale and complexity of studio projects continue to expand in fifth and sixth semesters. Emphasis is on constructing appropriate functional, spatial and formal relationships based on comprehensive research and analysis of building program, site, context, and user. Students are encouraged to use information gained in the coinciding Architecture and the Environment course to propose environment friendly design solutions.

Through research and analysis, students are expected to develop appropriate design guidelines, and use them to evolve architecture that is functional, contextual, energy efficient and thought-provoking. In the seventh semester, the emphasis is on design in challenging urban conditions. Students are expected to draw critical lessons from the coinciding Urban Theories course. The concepts of community building and building for community are key. Sites are selected in dense urban settings. Students perform comprehensive research and analysis of physical, social, cultural, historical and climatic conditions, programmatic requirements and users, to evolve appropriate design guidelines.

Eighth semester studio focuses on affordability and quality of public housing — a key issue in the local built-environment. Throughout fourth year, students are required to propose comprehensive proposals that illustrate an understanding of building structure, materials and methods of construction, MEP services and vehicular parking.

The ninth semester begins with the identification of a personal area of interest, which may come

in response to current architectural issues or an idea. This idea is developed in the form of a research question formulated into a problem statement which determines the direction of study for the remainder of the semester. The student develops the idea through a consideration of its theoretical aspects and its potential application as a design project in the given urban, rural, cultural and/or climatic context. The development of site and project selection helps in defining the thesis idea and its transpiration.

Architectural Analysis and Visual Communication (l.ll)

This course spans two consecutive semesters and consists of two modules. The first module, Architectural Analysis (l.ll), is a theory-based module. Each week, carefully selected works of architecture in both regional and international settings are introduced and analyzed. Emphasis is placed on developing fundamental architectural vocabulary and understanding ideas, elements, relationships and principles involved in the making of architectural forms and spaces within specific conditions. Through this course, students are encouraged to draw critical lessons that can inform their thinking in the coinciding architecture design studio. The second module, Visual Communication (l.ll), is a studio-based course introducing students to fundamental architectural drawings, tools and techniques. Emphasis is on developing effective visual communication skills using a range of mediums including pencils, pen and ink, pastels, watercolour, etc. Students are also introduced to basic digital tools, including Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator, and Google Sketch-up, later in the course.

History of Architecture (l.ll.lll)

This course spans three consecutive semesters, beginning in second year and concluding in the third year of the program. It is a chronological survey of the development of architecture across Eastern and Western hemispheres spanning from ancient civilizations to modern times. The course develops critical tools for analysis and appreciation of architecture through history within specific cultural, political and technological contexts.

 Building Materials, Construction and Structures (l.ll)

This course is offered over two consecutive semesters and serves as a prerequisite to the Advanced Building Materials and Construction course. It introduces students to fundamental building materials, construction methods and structural systems. Study visits to construction sites are an integral component of the course. These visits provide students with the opportunity to experience practical application and behaviours of the building materials, construction methods and structural systems introduced in class.

Advanced Building Materials, Construction and Structures (l.ll)

This course is offered over two consecutive semesters in the third year of the program. It introduces students to advanced building materials, construction methods and structural systems appropriate for production of medium to large-scale buildings. Study visits to construction sites provide students with the opportunity to experience practical application and behaviours of various building materials, construction methods and structural systems discussed in class. The course encourages students to engage with these technologies in an exploratory environment to develop an understanding of the relationship between design and construction.

Architectural Theories: Since 1900

This sixth semester course marks the culmination of the History of Architecture courses offered in previous semesters. It investigates the prevailing ideas and values that surfaced throughout the 20th century and how these shaped buildings across the globe. The course also examines the ideas and values that are emerging in the 21st century and how these may shape buildings in times to follow. Emphasis is on the effects of globalization and issues of cultural identity.

Architecture and the Environment

This semester-long course contains two modules. The first module, Sustainable Design, introduces students to sustainable design as a conscious approach to energy conservation in the design of the built-environment. It introduces students to ways of minimizing the negative impact of construction on the environment, and simultaneously maximizing occupant comfort at micro (building) and macro (urban) scales. Critical lessons are drawn from study of vernacular architectural practices in the country and the region. Study trips within the city and province are arranged to aid this process. The second module, Architecture, Place and Identity, focuses on the complex relationship between humans and their surroundings. It focuses on the issues of place and cultural identity in contemporary times. It steers discussion toward the need to counter the growing sense of rootlessness and alienation prevalent in local regional built-environments by advocating for an architecture that maintains and/or inculcates a sense of belonging and association. Both modules are designed to aid proceedings in the coinciding architecture design studio.

Digital Tools for Architects (l.ll)

This course is offered over two consecutive semesters beginning in the third and concluding in the fourth year of the program. It introduces students to the concepts of Building Information Modeling (BIM) using Autodesk Revit Architecture. The course begins with understanding fundamental features of Autodesk Revit Architecture, leading up to and concluding with schematic design, construction documentation, design visualization, and analysis.

MEP Systems and Services

This advanced building technology course is offered in the seventh semester. It familiarizes students with a conceptual understanding of mechanical, electrical and plumbing systems and services involved in building design and construction, particularly in relation to energy and water consumption, and conservation.

Urban and Landscape Theories

This theory-based course is offered in the seventh semester of the program and consists of two modules. It serves as a prerequisite for the studio-based course Urban Open Space Design offered in the following semester. The first module, Urban Theories, explores significant urban theories, spanning from 19th century to present times. Lectures cover a broad range of western and eastern theoretical positions that have influenced the shape of urban environments. Emphasis is on the validity and application of these theoretical positions in local context. The second module of the course, Landscape Theories, introduces students to ideas, elements, relationships and principles involved in design of landscapes at both micro and macro scales. Emphasis is on analyzing prominent works of landscape design across the world and how they have been shaped within specific contexts.

Urban Open Space Design

This semester-long, studio-based course is offered in the eighth semester of the program. It investigates the relationship between people and public spaces, between nature and the built fabric. The course enables students to identify the issues and potentials of existing urban open spaces in the city and rethink these as arenas for public use and recreation by drawing the many strands of place-making, ecological responsibility, social equity, community building and economic viability. This exercise is aided by the knowledge gained in the Urban and Landscape Theories course offered in the previous semester.

Professional Practice and Project Management

This semester-long professional development course is offered in the final year of the program and constitutes two modules. The first module, Professional Practice, provides students with an overview of architectural practice. It introduces students to the diverse roles and responsibilities of an architect while encouraging an awareness of social, ethical and professional obligations. Students are introduced to various stages of an architectural project along with the components within each stage. Topics include relationship between architects, clients and contractors; significance, types, making and management of contracts; statutory bodies and professional associations; and professional training. The second module, Project Management, familiarizes students with the significance of project management in the design and construction of small and large scale architectural projects. Students are introduced to theories, methods and quantitative tools used to effectively organize, plan, monitor and control projects.

Thesis Design

This final studio course marks the culmination of the five-year program. Students undertake a major architectural project that results in an architectural solution to a stated theoretical position, which may be directly, or indirectly, informed by the subject of dissertation in the previous semester. Thesis projects are expected to be comprehensive in their development and execution. At the end of the semester, students present their thesis projects to a panel of external jurors consisting of both architectural practitioners and academicians. Final evaluation is based on the combination of assessment scores by internal studio instructors and the panel of external jurors.

Architectural Design Research Lab (ADRL)

The Architecture Design Research Lab, affiliated with the Department of Architecture at the Indus Valley School of Art and Architecture, is a design and research laboratory devoted to projects within the fields of Architecture, Urban Design, Interior Design, Landscape Design and Heritage Conservation and Documentation.

The concept for the lab was inspired by the need to develop a platform to bring academics, practitioners and students together to cultivate a research-driven practice on projects of social

and cultural value. The intent of the ADRL is to carry out interdisciplinary research on the built environment of Karachi and surrounding areas, and to engage with the larger public in order to educate and create awareness about contemporary architectural practice.

Our approach to design is grounded in a methodology that emphasizes the need to understand the various points of view of different stakeholders, building deeper historical and anthropological understanding of how people interact with the built environment, and using documented research to inform our design practice with the aim of providing solutions that are useful and afford value to the lives of their inhabitants. We believe in designing the built environment in a way that places human life and activity at its centre. Built environment refers to human-made surroundings that serve as settings for human activity, and our objective is to search for and acquire theoretical and practical knowledge that can allow us to improve the way we live, work and recreate in such settings—both locally and regionally.

We are currently in the process of pursuing projects that are socially, culturally, and environmentally responsible. Since its initiation, the ADRL has been working on a number of small and large scale projects, organizing a series of lectures and presentations and conducting workshops and design competitions. Our mission is to eventually establish the ADRL as a leading centre in Pakistan for architectural design research, recognized for providing well examined, viable and sustainable solutions to existing and emerging problems in local and regional contexts.

Associate Professor
Hamir Soomro

B.Arch., Arizona State University,United States of America

Assistant Professor

Durreshahwar Alvi

M.Sc. UMD, Institute of Housing and Urban Development Studies,
Rotterdam, The Netherlands B.Arch., NCA, Pak

Assistant Professor

Ira Kazi

M.Arch. Urban and Regional Planning, New York Institute of Technology, USA

B.Arch., Mehran University of Engineering and Technology, Jamshoro, Pak

Assistant Professor

Sami Chohan

M.A. IAD, University of Applied Sciences Stuttgart, Germany Exchange Semester, Design in Cultural Context, Istanbul Technical University, Turkey
B.Arch., IVS, Pak

Assistant Professor

Sumaila Palla

M.A. Urban Planning, New York University, USA
B.Arch., IVS, Pak

Assistant Professor

Zohaib Zuby

M.A. Muslim Cultures, The Aga Khan University International, London, UK
B.Arch., IVS, Pak

Lecturer

Mariyam Nizam

IFA Cross Cultural Intern, Aachen + Berlin, Germany
B.Arch., NCA, Pak

Academic Program Assistant

Jessica Anum

BBA-Honors, Marketing, Iqra University, Pak

Engr. Ainul Abedin

B.Sc. Mechanical, East Pakistan
UET, Bangladesh

Ar. Ammar Shakil

B.Arch. Indus Valley School of Art and Architecture, Pakistan

Ar. Dania Faruq

B.Arch.IVS, Pak

Urban Planner Farhan Anwar

MURP, NED-UET, Pak

Ar. Hammad Anees

B.Arch. IVS, Pak

Ar. Hussain Jesserwala

M.Sc. Architecture, Polytechnic University of Milan, Ital
B.Arch. IVS, Pak

Ar. Mujahid Sadiq

Dip. Arch. NCA, Pak

Ar. Najeeb Omar

Dip. Arch. NCA, Pak

Ar. Naveed A. Sheikh

B.Arch. UET, Pak

Ar. Qaizar Colombowala

B.Sc. Arch. University of Nebraska at Lincoln, USA

Engr. Roland de’Souza

B.E. Electrical, NED-UET, Pak

Ar. / Engr. Saleem Thariani

B.E. Civil, NED-UET, Pak

Ar. Salman Jawed

B.Arch. IVS, Pak Adjunct Teaching Assistant

Maliha Naeem

B.Arch., IVS, Pak

ADRL Team

Ahmed Ansari

Ph. D. Student, Carnegie Mellon University, USA
M.Des. Carnegie Mellon University, USA
B.Des. IVS, Pak

Durreshahwar Alvi

B.Sc. UMD, Institute of Housing and Urban Development Studies, Rotterdam, the Netherlands
B.Arch., NCA, Pak

Hussain Jesserwala

M.Sc. Arch., Polytechnic University of Milan, Italy
B.Arch., IVS, Pak

Hussain Kapadia

B.Arch., IVS, Pak

Ira Kazi

B.Arch. New York Institute of Technology, USA
B.Arch., Mehran University of Engineering and Technology, Pak

Mariyam Nizam

IFA Cross Cultural Intern,Aachen + Berlin, Germany
B.Arch., NCA, Pak

Marvi Mazhar

B.Arch., University of Turin, Italy
B.Arch., IVS, Pak

Sami Chohan

B.A. IAD, University of Applied Sciences Stuttgart, Germany
B.Arch., IVS, Pak

Sumaila Palla

M.A. Urban Planning, New York University, USA
B.Arch., IVS, Pak

Zohaib Zuby

B.A., the Aga Khan University International, London, UK
B.Arch., IVS, Pak