Bachelor of Interior Design

Since  the  walls  of  the  caves  were  first  adorned  with  primitive paintings, it has been a natural instinct for humans to enhance their environments. The profession of Interior Design is a fast growing profession worldwide with challenges to address the artistic, intellectual, innovative and applied consideration necessary to create an environment for human comfort.

The undergraduate programme at IVS caters to the demand for highly professional interior designers who can conceptualize the ever changing environment of residential structures, commercial buildings, health care facilities, industrial buildings, hospitality industry, films set designs, adaptive reuse of buildings, museums and exhibition spaces etc.

The four year bachelor’s degree programme in interior design at IVS continuously aims at raising the standards in the field through a comprehensive approach to education that incorporates applied design and visual arts. The degree programme is based on a multi- faceted approach to education that compliments studio courses with critical thinking skills, history and theory discourses, sustainable practices, and research aimed at developing specific design abilities, skills and bodies of knowledge.

During the foundation year students are introduced to broad principles of design, history of art and develop their communication skills and critical thinking towards art and design. In the years to follow students are exposed to more discipline specific studio courses and design methodologies, which are further strengthened by theory courses, seminars, workshops, site visits, trips and internship. The final year of study culminates in a final Research Paper and Design Thesis.

The faculty of interior design comprises of well-trained permanent faculty, visiting faculty and eminent practicing professionals who bring their valuable experience and commitment to the department. The programme continuously works towards creating awareness of society at large and its changing needs in order to enhance skills and methods essential for contemporary interior design practice. Graduates are expected to be exceptional practitioners and thoughtful professionals.

“The essence of interior design will always be about people and how they live. It is about the realities of what makes for an attractive, civilized, meaningful environment, not about fashion or what’s in or what’s out. This is not an easy job.” – Albert Hadley.

Interior Design Studios

The studio courses provide practical skills and enhance awareness of the built environment. The courses encompass a diverse range of projects and building types that engage with both singular function to multi-functional use within the public, private and commercial realms. Each level strategically shapes a personal attitude towards interior design and related professions. The studio modules are designed in progression, from conceptual residential to complex commercial, hospitality, to sustainable built environment modules. Studios offers great diversity of ideas from conceptual to functional, practical to imaginative where emphasis is given on individuality, creativity, contextual relevance and socially responsible design practices. The studios offer opportunity to learn about preservation, conservation and  adaptive reuse of  spaces via renovation  and remodeling of existing building to reshaping a better environment for the city. The degree structure bridges the practices of interior design and architecture dealing with complex structural, environmental and sustainable design solutions. The learning structure is spread over four years of extensive integrated learning modules to ensure the quality of teaching. The programme concludes by completing a research report, a strategic portfolio of work and a major design project assessed through a panel of external jury members that comprise designers related to the wide spectrum of design fraternity.

Fundamentals of Interior design

This course is designed to introduce the profession of interior design, its history, its related specialties and disciplines. The course is further divided into three modules that develop an awareness of the principles of design by analyzing the work of designers and architects. The course introduces students to the principles and elements of design, building structure, related components of interior design, outlines the general context, approaches and concepts prevalent in the design world.

Visual Communication I and II

The course is structured in four modules starting from interior architecture drafting techniques, drawing, model making and digital drawing concepts. Students will learn to conceptualize plans, sections, interior elevations, interior perspectives and details for a small design project. The second module focuses on presentation techniques from drawings to mood boards, material boards, sample boards and skills in various mediums of explorations. Students learn the art of three-dimensional representation from conceptual models to detailed interior design models both manually and digitally.

Drawing for Interior Design

Building on what the students learned in the Foundation Year, this course continues to emphasize on drafting as mode of communication in design. Students will be exposed to various ideas using various mediums, techniques and tools. The course begins by exploring sketch visualization techniques and perspective. Drawing techniques are introduced that add surface texture, tonality, reflections, shades and shadows. Drawings packages of interior design projects are introduced from bathrooms, kitchens to small scale residential projects.


The module communicates the fundamentals of photography, as well as the relation between spaces and media. Students will be exposed to use various features of digital cameras, techniques for shooting well-composed artistic photographs and ways to enhance photographs on computer, through digital graphic aids.

Digital Drawing

This component will give the  introduction  of  digital  drawing  in the design world. Fundamentals of AutoCAD will be discussed in this specific module which will culminate into advance drawing techniques of digital tools. 2D drawings will be covered in detail with the introduction of 3D drawing techniques and drawing packages.

History and Theory

This course covers the history of art, architecture and interior design focusing on theories and treatise on ancient civilizations to modern period both in terms of western and eastern civilization. The course also introduces Islamic history, art and architecture by emphasizing on aesthetic philosophy, design theory, the socio-economic, political, and environmental influences affecting  the  design  of the built environment. The course further introduces great works from the context and ability to comprehend design evolution and historic trends.

Introduction to Furniture Design

The course continues to survey the history and evolution of furniture styles, elements and motifs and interior design with a concentration on the Eastern and western philosophy, the Renaissance Period, the New World and the Modern World. The progression and evolution of furniture styles, and design of the interior environment throughout history gives an appreciation for humankind’s achievements and aids in understanding current design trends. Students explore design choices and critically analyses existing designs.

Colour and Design

This course aims to provide visual training to students, so as to enable them to understand, add aesthetic appreciation and manage their design, often across many disciplinary areas, typical of those professional and research sectors in which the use and management of colours are essential. Examples of such production areas include industrial product design, interior architecture, communication, fashion, entertainment and urban environments. Particular attention will be paid to analyzing and summarizing utilization, control, ideation, organization and planning through the use of colour. Consequently, colour is not treated as a simple attribute of objects or surfaces, but as a means of expression and design underlying perception and interaction with reality.

Materials and Details

This module addresses the need for a better understanding of building materials and finishes. It covers a wide array of materials used in the building industry, both traditional and contemporary, interior and exteriors. This is supported by a component of technical detail which focuses on techniques used to make materials details from small interior to large interior design projects. The idea is to develop an eye for detail and the ability to zoom in and create solutions.

Digital Tools

Presentation techniques have radically changed with the development of computer aided drafting and rendering techniques. In order to keep up with professional standards, the Department of Interior Design has developed a specific course for its students. The course covers both two dimensional and three-dimensional drawings and relevant rendering techniques. Practical exercises will help the students develop a basic knowledge of how computer software can be applied to the creation of 2D and 3D drawings and interior construction details. Software includes, AutoCAD 3D, Google Sketch Up, Adobe Photoshop, 3D Max and V-Ray.

Interior Structures and Systems

This is a specially designed course that enables the students to explore various aspects of buildings envelope from skin, structure, core and various inside working details. It discusses the Issues of alteration and modification of structures in old and new buildings along with a necessary Understanding of services and systems and their use and function in the interior envelope of the Building.

Lighting and Acoustics Design

This course covers components of lighting and acoustic design. Case studies of lighting and acoustic design from residential to commercial interiors will be discussed. The students will explore the world of light and sound design and its effect on building materials and the people occupying the space. The role of the interior designer in dealing with lighting and acoustics design will be discussed.

Advanced Theories of Interior Architecture

The objective of this course is to learn and articulate the theories of interior architecture. It is divided into two modules of adaptive reuse and interior landscaping design.

Advanced Theories of Interior Architecture

Module 1 – Introductory Concepts of Reuse, Restoration and Preservation
The module provides a general introduction to the concepts of restoration, preservation and adaptive reuse. The course will further investigate the process and need for adaptive reuse and how designers can transform buildings and make them more sustainable. The course will cover various approaches to adaptive reuse. It will cover a critical study on re-imagining of the historic buildings, their use, architectural features, related charters and policies.

Advanced Theories of Interior Architecture

Module 2 – Interior Landscaping
This course aims to develop student’s ability to think creatively while using interior landscaping elements both for aesthetic and functional purposes, and to develop necessary skills in designing landscapes for enclosed places in residential, commercial and other public use spaces. These include offices, hotels, restaurants, retail centers, hospitals, institutional buildings etc.

Interior Landscaping

This course aims to develop students ability to think creatively while using interior landscaping elements both for aesthetic and functional purposes, and to develop necessary skills in designing landscapes for enclosed places in residential, commercial and other public spaces. These include offices, hotels, restaurants, retail centres, hospitals, institutional buildings etc.


This advanced research and analytical component emphasizes interior environment programme requirements  with  the  interrelationship of codes, regulations, standards, material specifications, and sustainable interior applications and relevant design solutions with sound contextual understanding. Students will develop a design project with specific programme and design requirements keeping in view the context, culture, politics of the space. The focus is on the student’s personal style for visually communicating interior design solutions. This studio-based course culminates in an individual thesis and develops full awareness of interior design business practices, methods and techniques relevant to the discipline. Emphasis is placed on creativity and originality of concepts.

Professional Practice

This course offers a systematic overview of methods of planning and monitoring an interior design practice. Students are trained to prepare BOQs, specification books and how to deal with vendors, suppliers and contractors. The course covers the ability to conduct agreements and contracts. This course also offers the unique opportunity for students to interact with practicing professionals who come and share their rich experiences of the local market and discuss their professional practice


The training component will introduce students to the design profession through an internship at a participating architecture and interior design firm. With the guidance of the department head the students work as junior designers to gain valuable exposure to the real design world in order to prepare themselves for future practice.

Community Outreach

Interior Design is about humanity and improving the human conditions through interior environments that are effective, efficient and exceptional. For designers it is a professional responsibility that enables them to give back to the society by creating better environments. The Department works to advance various aspects of community outreach through education, research and knowledge to benefit society and the Interior Design profession.

Seminars, Documentary Series and Workshops

The department of Interior Design believes that seminars, documentary series and workshops are an integral part of the four year degree programme and hence it invites experts and professionals from various related fields to share their knowledge and expertise with the students.

Study Trips

The department organizes trips and tours within the country to help give the required exposure to students at all levels of their academic involvement. These trips are intentionally geared to promote academic, professional, and spiritual growth of the students. School faculty lead study tours and the trips last from one to three weeks.

The faculty organizes visits to a variety of material display centers to familiarize students to the ongoing material and construction methodology trends in the field. In other instances, students are also taken to local markets such as the “Paper Market” and “Botal Gali” to purchase raw materials for studio modules structured around the Design-Build system.

Material Lab

Material Lab is an on campus facility housed within the Interior Design department that provides an opportunity for the students to explore the properties and challenges of various types of materials used in creating a built environment.

This wide range of materials including soft and hard material glass, ceramics, wood, textiles, metal etc. extends a resourceful platform to students where they can create representations of their ideas through material boards and incorporate the understanding of materials into their studio coursework. This facility is open for other departments and other schools.

3rd Semester
Course Code  Course Title Credit Hours
LA354 Histories of Art, Design and Architecture III — 1855 up till Modernism 3
LA308 Islamic and Pakistan Studies 3
ID323 Interior Design I 6
ID325 Fundamentals of Interior Design 3
ID324 Drawing and Visual Communication I
Module I: Technical Drawing
Module II: Presentation Techniques
 Total Credits 18
4th Semester
Course Code  Course Title Credit Hours






Contemporary Art, Design and Architecture

Islamic Art and Architecture

Tracing Contemporary Art

Psychoanalysis and Art

ID423 Interior Design II 6
ID420 Materials and Details 3
ID430 Color in Design 3
ID424 Drawing and Visual Communication II
Module I: Digital Drawing
Module II: Photography
 Total Credits  18
5th Semester
Course Code Course Title Credit Hours



General Electives:

Critical Notions of Space and Place
Politics and Power in Literature
Urdu Adab
Philosophical Inquiry
Sustainable Cities and Communities


Art Electives:

Art in the Time of the Raj
Introduction to Performance Art
Culture on Display
Sonic Force in Contemporary Art
Sustainable Cities and Communities
Screening the Body: Gender, Race and Nation in
Visual Culture

ID523 Interior Design III 6
ID526 History and Theory 3
ID528 Digital Tools 3
 Total Credits 18
6th Semester
Course Code Course Title Credit Hours
LA612 Research  Methodologies
(Pre-Req for Final Research Paper)






Dialogues in Philosophies of Photography

Past is Prologue: Theories in Historiography

Introductory  Psychology

Music and Ideas



ID623 Interior Design IV 6
ID627 Interior Structures and Systems 3
ID631 Introduction to Furniture Design 3
 Total Credits 18
7th Semester
Course Code Course Title Credit Hours
LA768 Final Research Paper 3
ID723 Interior Design V 6
ID719 Advanced Theories of Interior Architecture 3
ID716 Lighting and Acoustics Design 3
 Total Credits 15
8th Semester
Course Code Course Title Credit Hours
D807 Thesis 12
ID829 Professional Practice and Internship 3
 Total Credits 15

Total Credits Semesters 1-2: 35
Total Credits Semesters 3-8: 102
Total Credits required for a Bachelor of Interior Design degree: 137

Disclaimer: Curricula are continuously under review and Indus Valley School reserves the right to alter, substitute, eliminate from or add to the list of courses and details at any time without any notice.

Assistant Professor
Acting Head

Mahwish Ghulam Rasool

Project planning and management certification NED-UET, Pak M. Arch, NED, Pak B. Arch, NED, Pak

Assistant Professor

Mohammad Usman Ansari

PMP – Project Management Professional Certification, M. Arch, Tulane University, New Orleans, U.S.A B. Arch, Tulane University, New Orleans, U.S.A

Assistant Professor

Umer Bhatti

B. Arch, KU, Pak


Numera Anwar

M. Arch, NED, Pak B. Arch, NED, Pak


Wafa Ali

BA, Interior Design, Al-Ghurair University, UAE

Academic Programme Assistant

Faraz Ahmed

Ayesha Bilal

B. Arch, IVS, Pak

Farhan Anwar

MA, Urban and Regional Planning, NED, Pak BE, Civil Engineering, NED, Pak

Rafi Ahmed

M. Arch, Washington University, St Louis, MO, USA BA, Economics, Grinell College, Grinell, IA, USA

Rafia Dadi

B. Arch, NED, Pak


Dr. Suneela Ahmed

PhD, Urban Design, Oxford Brookes University Oxford, UK