Bachelor of Interior Design

Since the walls of the caves were first adorned with primitive paintings, it has been natural human instinct to embellish the living space. The profession of Interior Design is a fast-growing profession worldwide with challenges to address the artistic, intellectual, innovative and applied consideration necessary to create an environment for human comfort.

The undergraduate program at IVS caters to the demand for highly professional interior designers who can conceptualize the ever-changing environment of residential structures, commercial buildings, healthcare facilities, industrial buildings, hospitality industry, films set designs, adaptive reuse of buildings, new and refurbished museums and exhibition spaces.

The four-year bachelor’s degree program in interior design at IVS continuously aims at raising the standards in the field through a comprehensive approach to education that incorporates applied design and the visual arts. The degree program is based on a multi-faceted approach to education that complements studio courses with critical thinking skills, history and theory discourses, sustainable practices, and research aimed at developing specific design abilities, skills and bodies of knowledge.

During the foundation year, students are introduced to broad principles of two and three-dimensional design, develop communication skills and study history of art. In the following years the students are exposed to more discipline specific studio courses and methodologies, which are further strengthened by theory courses, seminars workshops, site visits, trips and internship. The final year of study culminates in a research dissertation and final design thesis.

The faculty of interior design comprises of well-trained permanent faculty, visiting faculty and eminent practicing professionals who bring their valuable experience and commitment to the department. The program continuously works towards creating awareness of the society at large and its changing needs in order to hone skills and methods essential for contemporary interior design practice. Graduates are expected to be exceptional practitioners and thoughtful professionals.

“The essence of interior design will always be about people and how they live. It is about the realities of what makes for an attractive, civilized, meaningful environment, not about fashion or what’s in or what’s out. This is not an easy job.”
– Albert Hadley.

Third Semester
Course Code Course Title Credit Hours
LA354 Histories of Art, Design and Architecture III — 1855 up till Modernism 3
LA308 Islamic and Pakistan Studies 3
ID323 Interior Design I 6
ID325 Fundamentals of Interior Design 3
ID324 Drawing and Visual Communication I          Module I: Manual Drawing
Module II: Visual Communication I
Total Credits 18
Fourth Semester
Course Code Course Title Credit Hours


Contemporary Art, Design and Architecture

Islamic Art and Architecture



Tracing Contemporary Art

Interior Design II

ID420 Materials and Details 3
ID426 History and Theory 1 3
ID424 Drawing and Visual Communication II       Module I: Digital Drawing

Module II: Visual Communication II

Total Credits  18
Fifth Semester
Course Code Course Title Credit Hours


History of Art: Culture on Display

Arts Politics

OR Inter-Departmental Elective




Sustainable Living

Art in the Time of the Raj




Politics and Power in Literature

Critical Notions of Space and Place

Interior Design III

ID526 History and Theory  II 3
ID528 Digital Tools 3
Total Credits 18
Sixth Semester
Course Code Course Title Credit Hours
LA612 Research Methodologies

(Pre-Req for Final Research Paper)




Avant-Garde: Between Art, Photography and Film

History of World Cinema




Philosophical Inquiry

Empires of Vision: Politics and Aesthetics in South Asia

Interior Design IV

ID627 Interior Structures and Systems 3
Total Credits 15
Seventh Semester
Course Code Course Title Credit Hours
LA768 Final Research Paper 3
ID723 Interior Design V 9
ID719 Advanced Theories of Interior Architecture 3
Total Credits 15
Eighth Semester
Course Code Course Title Credit Hours


Thesis 12

Professional Practice and Internship

Total Credits 15

Total Credits Semesters 1-2: 35
Total Credits Semesters 3-8: 99
Total Credits required for a Bachelor of Interior Design degree: 134

Disclaimer: Curricula are continuously under review and Indus Valley School reserves the right to alter, substitute, eliminate

from or add to the list of courses and details at any time without any notice.

Interior Design Studios

The studio courses provide practical skills and heighten awareness of the built environment. The courses encompass a diverse range of projects and building types that engage with both single and multi-functional use within the public, private and commercial realms. Each level strategically shapes a personal attitude towards interior design and related professions. The studio modules are designed in progression, from conceptual residential to complex commercial, hospitality, and public realm modules.

The learning structure is spread over four years of extensive integrated learning modules to ensure the quality of teaching. The program concludes by completing a dissertation, a strategic portfolio of work and a major design project assessed through a panel of external jury members made up of professionals belonging to a diverse design fraternity.

The studio offers opportunity to learn about preservation, conservation and adaptive reuse of spaces via renovation and remodeling of existing buildings. The structure bridges the practices of interior design and architecture, dealing with complex structural, environmental and sustainable design solutions.

Fundamentals of Interior design

This course introduces the profession of interior design, its history, and its related specialties and disciplines. It further branches off into three modules which develop an awareness of the principles of design by studying the work designers and architects from the past and the present.

The course introduces students to the principles and elements of design, building structure and of related components of interior design and outlines the general context, approaches and concepts prevalent in the design world.

Visual Communication I and II

The course is structured in various modules, beginning with interior architecture drafting techniques. Students learn how to conceptualize plans, sections, interior elevations, interior perspectives and details for a small design project. The second module focuses on presentation techniques from drawings to mood boards, material board, sample boards and skills in various mediums of explorations. Students learn the art of three-dimensional representation from conceptual models, to detailed interior design models.


The course teaches the basic knowledge of photographic fundamentals relevant to students in interior design, as well as the relation between spaces and media. Students are expected to use various features of digital cameras, techniques for shooting well-composed and artistic photographs and ways to enhance photographs on computer.

Drawing for Interior Design

Building on what the students learned in the Foundation Year, this course continues to emphasize on free hand drawing and drafting as modes of communication of students thoughts and ideas using various mediums, techniques and tools.

The course begins by exploring sketch visualization techniques and perspective. Drawing techniques to add surface texture, tonality, reflections, shades and shadows are introduced as well.

Digital Drawing

This component introduces digital drawing in the design world. The fundamentals of AutoCAD and Revit are an essential part of this specific module, which will culminate into advanced digital drawing techniques. 2D drawings are explored in detail, with an introduction of 3D drawing techniques and drawing packages.

History and Theory I and II

This course is divided into two parts and offered in two consecutive semesters. It covers the history of art, architecture and interior design, focusing on theories and treatise from ancient civilizations in the East and West, to modern times. The course also introduces Islamic history, art and architecture by emphasizing on aesthetic philosophy, design theory, the socio-economic, political, and environmental influences affecting the design of the built environment. The course further introduces great works from the context and ability to comprehend design evolution and historic trends.

Materials and Details

This module addresses the need for a better understanding of building materials and finishes. It covers a wide array of materials used in the building industry, both traditional and contemporary. This is supported by a component of technical detail drawings. The focus is on design details and construction drawings. The idea is to develop an eye for detail and the ability to zoom in and create solutions for construction.

Digital Tools

Presentation techniques have radically changed with the development of computer-aided drafting and rendering techniques. In order to keep pace with professional standards, the Department of Interior Design has developed a specific course for its students. The course covers both two-dimensional and three-dimensional drawings and relevant rendering techniques. Practical exercises help the student develop a basic knowledge of how computer software can be applied to the creation of 2D and 3D drawings and interior details. Software includes AutoCAD, Google Sketch Up and Adobe Photoshop.

Interior Structures and Systems

This is a specially designed course which allows students to explore aspects of the building itself, the skin, structure and inside workings. It discusses the issues of alteration and modification of structures along with a fundamental understanding of services and systems and their usage within an interior space.

Advanced Theories of Interior Architecture

The objective of this course is to learn and articulate the theories of interior architecture. It is divided into components of adaptive reuse, environmental and interior landscaping design, and lighting and acoustics.

Introductory Concepts of Reuse, Restoration and Preservation

The course provides a general introduction to qualities of restoration and preservation as employed by the client/designer. A survey of historical buildings, modern buildings and their architectural characteristics, related government agencies, local, national and international case studies are explored.

Interior Landscaping

This course aims to develop students ability to think creatively while using interior landscaping elements both for aesthetic and functional purposes, and to develop necessary skills in designing landscapes for enclosed places in residential, commercial and other public spaces. These include offices, hotels, restaurants, retail centres, hospitals, institutional buildings etc.

Lighting and Acoustics Design

This course covers the components of lighting and acoustic design. Case studies of lighting and acoustic design from residential to commercial interiors are discussed. Students will explore the world of light and sound design and its effect on building materials and the people occupying the space. The role of the interior designer in dealing with lighting and acoustics design will be discussed.


Selected student projects utilize reality-based, end-user interior environment program requirements which emphasize the interrelationship of codes, regulations, standards, material specifications, sustainable interior applications and relevant design solutions with sound contextual understanding.

Students develop a complex design project with specific programmatic and design requirements. Consideration is given to populations of diverse age, culture, income, physical abilities, etc. The focus is on the students’ personal style for visually communicating interior design solutions. This studio-based course culminates in an individual thesis and develops full awareness of interior design business practices, methods and techniques relevant to the discipline. Emphasis is placed on creativity and originality of ideas.

Professional Practice

This course offers a systematic overview of methods of planning and monitoring an interior design practice. Students are trained to prepare BOQs, specification books and how to deal with vendors, suppliers and contractors. The course covers the ability to conduct agreements and contracts. This course also offers the unique opportunity for students to interact with practicing professionals who share their rich experiences within the local market and discuss their professional practice.


The training component will introduce students to the design profession through an internship at a participating architecture and interior design firm. With the guidance of the department head, students work as junior designers to gain valuable exposure to the real design world in order to prepare themselves for future practice.

Community Outreach

Interior Design is about humanity and improving living conditions through interior environments that are effective, efficient and exceptional. For designers it is a professional responsibility which enables them to give back to society by creating better environments. The department works to advance various aspects of community outreach through education, research and knowledge to benefit society and the Interior Design profession.

Seminars, Documentary Series and Workshops

The department of Interior Design believes that seminars, documentary series and workshops are an integral part of the four-year degree program and hence it invites experts and professionals from various related fields to share  their knowledge and expertise with students.


Introduction to Furniture Design

The course continues to survey the history and evolution of furniture styles, elements and motifs and interior design with a concentration on the Eastern and Western philosophy, the Renaissance Period, the New World and the Modern World. The progression and evolution of furniture styles and design of the interior environment throughout history gives an appreciation for humankind’s achievements and aids in understanding current design trends. Students explore design choices, and critically analyze existing designs

Colour and Design

This course aims to provide visual training to students, so as to enable them to understand, add aesthetic appreciation to, and manage their design, often across many disciplinary areas, typical of those professional and research sectors in which the use and management of colour is essential. Examples of such production areas include industrial product design, interior architecture, communication, fashion, entertainment and urban environments. Particular attention is paid to analyzing and summarizing utilization, control, ideation, organization and planning through the use of colour. Consequently, colour is not treated as a simple attribute of objects or surfaces, but as a means of expression and design, underlying perception, and interaction with reality.

Study Trips

The department organizes trips and tours within the country to help give the required exposure to students at all levels of their academic involvement. These trips are intentionally geared to promote academic, professional, and spiritual growth of the students. School faculty lead study tours and the trips last from one to three weeks.

Assistant Professor

Mahwish Ghulam Rasool

B.Arch. NED University, Pak
B.Arch. NED University, Pak

Senior Lecturer

Ayesha Bilal
B.Arch, IVS, Pak


Numera Anwar

B.Arch, NED University, Pak
B.Arch, NED University, Pak


Wafa Ali

Bachelors of Arts in Interior Design, Al-Ghurair University, UAE

Teaching Assistant

Zahra Ali Naqvi

B.Arch, School of Art Design and Architecture (SADA), NUST

Ammar Chaudhary

B.Arch, NED University, Pak

Danish Zuby

Dip. ID, England B.SC. Tech, University of Sindh, Pak

Farhan Anwar

Masters, Urban & Regional Planning, NED University of Engineering & Technology, Pak
B.E. Civil Engineering, NED University of Engineering and Technology, Pak

Fariha Arsalan

B.Arch, NCA, Pak

Mahmood Alam

B.Arch, IVS, Pak

Rafi Ahmed

Master of Architecture, Washington University, St Louis, MO, USA
B.A. Economics, Grinell College, Grinell, IA, USA

Rafia Dadi

B. Arch, NED University, Pak